Hydroxychloroquine is available as the brand-name drug Plaquenil. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. Hydroxychloroquine may be used as part of a combination therapy. Dry skin from plaquenil Plaquenil and color vision Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Medscape - Indication-specific dosing for Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It isn’t fully understood how this drug works to treat lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis. That means you may need to take it with other drugs. It treats malaria by killing the parasites that cause the disease. Mechanism plaquenil Treating Lupus with Anti-Malarial Drugs Johns Hopkins Lupus., Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American. Ophthalmologist for plaquenilRheumatoid arthritis guidelines hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine is an antimalarial medication used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites, which enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Plaquenil is also used to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus. Side Effects of Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine, Warnings, Uses. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate dosing, indications.. Mechanisms of action of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.. Hydroxychloroquine is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral tablet. Hydroxychloroquine is available as the brand-name drug Plaquenil. It’s also available in a generic version. An analog of chloroquine – hydroxychloroquine – has a long half-life 32–56 days in blood and a large volume of distribution 580–815 L/kg. The therapeutic, toxic and lethal ranges are usually considered to be 0.03 to 15 mg/l, 3.0 to 26 mg/l and 20 to 104 mg/l, respectively. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria.